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Thursday, 10 December 2009

Edmund Tarbell (1862-1938)

                             Edmund C. Tarbell
By Alexandra A. Jopp
Edmund Tarbell was renowned for his elegant, pearly interiors as well as vivacious outdoor paintings of his family.

Mother and Mary, 1922

Edmund Tarbell was an American painter who won numerous prizes and medals and experimented with a range of forms of plein air painting. An extraordinary talent with the brush, he was inspired by seventeenth-century Dutch traditions and was especially fond of Vermeer. His environment was his own, and his wife and four children served as his models. He specialized in delicately finished, pearly interiors, and he devoted a significant part of his career to capturing images of young women pursuing domestic activities such as sewing or reading in elegantly decorated domestic rooms filled with antiquarian or oriental objects.

Mercie Cutting Flowers , 1912  

Schooling the Horses, 1902

Born in 1862 in West Groton, Mass., Tarbell spent most of his youth in Dorchester, Mass. He received his early training from George Bartlett at the Massachusetts Normal Art School. He worked in the Forbes Lithographic Company of Boston and took drawing classes before entering the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in 1879. After graduation, he went to Paris with several of his classmates to study at the prestigious Académie Julian with Louis Boulanger and Jules Joseph Lefebvre. During this time, he studied the art of the great masters and traveled through London, Brussels, Antwerp, Cologne, Munich and Venice.

Tarbell returned to the United States in 1888 and married Emeline Arnold Souther of Dorchester, who served as a romantic inspiration for his portrait and genre paintings. In 1889, he became an instructor at Boston’s School of the Museum of Fine Arts, and in 1891, he held his first exhibition with friend Frank Weston Benson at the St. Botolph Club in Boston. This same year, he painted In the Orchard, which established his reputation as a brilliant artist especially skilled at producing Impressionist scenes of figures in the out-of-doors. In 1898, became one of the founding members of The Ten, a group of American painters associated with Impressionism.

In the Orchard, 1891

In the following years, Tarbell turned more to light-filled indoor scenes, reminiscent of Edgar Degas, and closely studied the works of Jan Vermeer. Tarbell’s style draws on Vermeer’s taste for the intangible beauty of tranquil domesticity found in images of women writing, reading or playing a musical instrument. In Girl Reading (1909), for example, Tarbell creates a solemn mood of high art that is shaped by formal emulation of seventeenth-century Dutch traditions. Art critic Charles Caffin wrote that Tarbell's pictures are “at once an expression of the beauty of holiness and the holiness of beauty.”1

Girl Reading 1909

In 1926, Tarbell retired to his vacation home in New Castle, N.H. He died there on Aug. 1, 1938.

Mother And Child In A Boat, 1892

Monday, 7 December 2009

Alfred Egerton Cooper (1883-1974)

Resident of Chelsea, England, Alfred Egerton Cooper, was best known for portraits of King George VI and Winston Churchill, as well as for landscapes, coastal, harbor and horse racing scenes

By Alexandra A. Jopp

Alfred Egerton Cooper was an internationally acclaimed portraitist who also painted landscapes, coastal and harbor views of Great Britain and horse racing scenes. His style emphasized deep realism, and his glittering career hinged on the glamour he imparted to European royalty, Buckingham Palace, the British Parliament and rich and powerful public figures. Ambitious and technically skilled, he fulfilled countless royal commissions and had some of the most powerful and notable people in Britain sit for portraits.
Alfred Egerton Cooper was born in 1883 in Tettenhall, Staffordshire, United Kingdom. Showing early artistic leanings, he studied at Bilston School of Art and on a scholarship at London’s Royal College of Art, from which he graduated in 1911. At the age of 18, he exhibited for the first of 40 times at the Royal Academy.
Following his graduation, Cooper entered a competition for which John Singer Sargent (1856-1925), a cosmopolitan expatriate internationally celebrated for grand-manner portraits, notable landscapes, and genre scenes, was on the board of judges. Astonished by the young artist’s work, Sargent asked Cooper to work with him in his famous Tite Street studio in Chelsea, which had once belonged to James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903). Cooper spent about a year as Sargent’s assistant, painting backgrounds and details for his paintings. He was elected to the Royal Society of British Artists in 1914.
During World War I, Cooper served in the well-known 28th County of London Volunteer Regiment, the Artists Rifles, and his sight in one eye was damaged by chlorine gas. At the end of the war, he was made an official artist of the Royal Air Force, and he became an expert in the art and technique of large-scale aerial camouflage and sketching and painting landscapes from the air. Some of his works are now in the Royal Air Force Museum and London’s Imperial War Museum.
In 1917, Cooper met the woman who would become his wife near Romford, Essex, where her parents entertained local officers at their home. They had a son, Peter C. Cooper, who would become an artist in the United States.
The elder Cooper’s career continued to develop as he became known for both portraits and landscapes. He exhibited his work in Paris and London, and in 1921, his painting London was a notable feature of the Royal Academy of Arts Summer Exhibition. Three years later, he won an Honorable Mention at the Paris Salon. He also exhibited at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, the Royal Institute of Oil Painters, the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours and Goupil Gallery. In 1940, he painted King George VI, and his 1943 portrait of Winston Churchill was reproduced as a poster intended to rally the English people during World War II.
Cooper made annual excursions to the American midwest in the 1960s. He died in 1974.
For me information please visit Questroyal Fine Art Gallery, LLC.